1. Pictures of the Home
2 . Pictures of the Other
Homogeneity – many people are the same.
Similarity – " they” are all the same as me
Parochialism – each of our way is the only approach
Ethnocentrism – our method is the best way.
Heterogeneity – we are only some the same; teams within world differ. Similarity and Difference – a large number of people vary from me culturally. Equifinality – many culturally distinct means of lining life, working and reaching a person's goal is present Cultural Backup – various and evenly good ways may be used to reach precisely the same goal.
Cultural self-awareness - a knowledge of their own cultural assumptions and patterns of behavior; Cross-cultural awareness – an understanding in the others cultures' assumptions and patterns of behavior.
Both roman dictum " knowledge is usually power”:
in knowing your self you gain electricity over your perceptions and reactions; you can control your own behavior and your reactions to others' behavior.
3. Organizational Culture versus National Tradition
Many managers believe that organizational culture regulates or removes the impact of countrywide culture; Imagine employees working for the same organization – regardless if they come via different countries – will certainly behave similarly. False supposition; employees and managers take their ethnic background and ethnicity to the office. Studies of Laurent and Geert Hofstede (research paperwork a wide range of ethnic differences in job related beliefs, attitudes) who also pronounced social differences between employees coming from all around the world working in multinational firms. When working for multinational companies, German are more German, People in america more American and so on.
4. Fatalism/ Choice
Fatalism is the concept that exactly what happens to us is inevitable, either because it is all established by fate or since it is simply past us to manage.
Free can (choice) is a belief that human beings will make their own options and decide their own destinies.
In a way, a belief in Murphy's Law can help the two of these diametrically compared with concepts to coexist. Murphy reminds us that we're very likely to mess up most of the time, it also helps all of us see that wish not in complete power over our lives. For example , if it seems like you always obtain stuck inside the slowest street of visitors, Murphy's Regulation can help you notice that it is a mixture of your personal choices (choosing what time to drive, what road to take, which side of the road to enter) and forces beyond your control (the traffic itself) that cause your delay.
a few. Dominance or Harmony
Prominence = ethnical dominance (in business) – continuing to use approaches you make use of at home; utilized when managers believe that their particular way is definitely the only right way, particularly in situations regarding ethical decisions.
Dominant over nature (as North Americans) or in harmony with it (Chinese people with feng shui or perhaps " wind water” – there is no true separation between people and the natural environment, they will leave in peace with it)
Dominating cultures (America) – method of agriculture – they use insect poison, fertilizers and genetically altered seeds to improve crop brings; other ex: astronauts' conquers the space, biotechnology and innate engineering to change the nature of life itself.
Harmony – approach to cultivation – flower the " right” plants in the " right” places at the " right” occasion in order to maintain the soil in good circumstances.
When Sir Edmund Hillary reached the top from the Everest:
Prominence oriented press: " Guys conquers mountain”
Harmony-oriented press – " Man complies with mountains”
6. Advantages and Disadvantages of Parochialism
Parochialism: view the world solely through one's individual eyes and perspective; a person with parochial perspective neither acknowledges other people's various ways of living and operating, nor values that these kinds of differences can offer significant chances or produces serious outcomes.
Since example, America has a large...